Zanden was established 1980 in Osaka, Japan. They have earned a great reputation as being one of the top boutique audio brands in the world, specialising in valve amplifiers and phono stages. At the head of the design process is Kazutoshi Yamada. Known for being a perfectionist, his reputation in the industry is legendary. The craftsmanship and attention to detail gives a product which looks, feels and sounds prestigious. Zanden products have been called "simply world-class contenders, with world-class transparency, resolution, speed, dynamic range, liquidity, bloom, and spaciousness" by The Absolute Sound magazine.